Human society has entered the development stage of capitalism, and modern industrial civilization has changed the relationship between people, changed the traditional way of life, and accelerated the pace of life. Art entered the market as a commodity and brought fierce competition to the development of art. The development of modern technology has changed the relationship between man and nature, and human eyes have extended to the macro and micro worlds. Therefore, modern artists must create and choose a new artistic language to express the new world they know. Modern philosophy directly affects the creation of modern art. Schopenhauer’s egoistic thought and voluntarism lead to epistemic intuition. This has enabled the artist’s genius and inspiration to become the foundation of artistic creation. Later Nietzsche and Freud made a comprehensive analysis and reveal of the human spiritual field, and became the source of modern art creation. Bergson’s “irrational philosophy” is a complete negation and betrayal of the negative and traditional values brought about by modern industrial civilization. Since then, art is no longer a reflection of the objective world, but a manifestation of the subjective world.
The emergence and development of modern art runs along the inevitable law. Since the ancient times, Western art has emphasized practical and material reproduction. It has experienced development and improvement in different eras and reached its peak in the European Renaissance. When photography was invented, the reproduction of realistic painting has been replaced by photography. Painting must choose a different path, from reproduction to expression, from the writing of objective material forms to the expression of the artist’s inner spirit. Since its inception, painting has been designed to serve others. Primitive society was practical, and later it served God, life, and political struggles. Western artists claim that they no longer serve whom, and art is independent to perfect the art itself. As a result, the values of art break with tradition. All of this is slowly changing from quantitative to qualitative changes with the development of society and the ideological trend. The beginning of Modern Painting Art began with Impressionism.
The emergence of Impressionism is a landmark milestone in Western art. In order to express the rich and ephemeral changes of light and color in nature, it ignores or negates the intrinsic nature of objective things, and even destroys or abandons the rigorous shapes that have been perfected in the West for thousands of years, so a series of subsequent rebellions have been derived Painter, school. The first thing to break with tradition is Cézanne. He wants to create an absolute painting, which is no longer an imitation of objective things, but is injected into the eternal form and solid structure of the artist’s subjective interpretation. At the same time, there is the painter Gauguin, who, from a strong subjective perspective, analyzes and synthesizes the impressions and feelings obtained by objective things to create a symbolic painting that breaks through the constraints of time and space. And the Dutch Van Gogh conveyed his fiery thoughts with bright tones and fluttering lines, and they jointly created a precedent for western Modern Painting Art. Many modern schools were derived from their theories.
Some of the painters who followed Cézanne confirmed that the management structure of the picture is the ability and rights of the painter. The painter is the creator of the picture and should arrange the picture arbitrarily like God, forming a cubism represented by Picasso. I believe that painting should not be a slave to natural objects, nor should it be just the elaborate structure of the picture. It must express the artist’s mood and will, and must be an external image of the artist’s internal emotions. This gave birth to French Fauvism and German Expressionism. . After reviewing this change in the painting world, the Russian Kandinsky realized that painting no longer relies on the support of objects, but that color, lines and shapes dominate the entire picture. It is the elements of these paintings that give the picture life and beauty. The first created abstract painting. The above-mentioned genres are all manifestations of exploration after thinking about art.
When the artists think about society and modern material civilization, they come to the conclusion that tradition is outdated, modern is incomplete and unhealthy, and Dadaists who have destroyed everything and overthrown everything have been created. They hope to build on the basis of pure blankness. A new civilization. When an artist faces life, human consciousness is unrealistically decorated with too many concepts. Only the subconscious realm is the most real realm. This realm has never been represented. The artist paid attention to this spiritual world and created Surrealistic painting, a painting that uses anti-logical common sense to present a little-known subconscious world.
After the Second World War, the Modern Painting Art center changed from Paris, France to New York, USA, and started a new exploration and creation, which is more characterized by focusing on changing concepts. In the 1950s, abstract expressionism emerged, and behavioral painting that focused only on the process of drawing and not focusing on the results of the Modern Painting Art reflected the vitality of Americans’ free creation. When people are dissatisfied with accidental venting and subjective intentions for painting, they instead advocate that the picture can fully realize its full potential, so large-color gamut painting, minimalist painting, hard-edition, etc. appear. Most of these arts arrange the pictures with calm and simple large color blocks without any emotional expression. In the 1960s, Pop Art entered the art world. First, it became popular in the United States. It penetrated art and modern civilization, made art a more popular means of communication, and was closely related to the survival of modern people. Since the 1970s, modern art has completely entered a diversified pattern. Artists have explored art and artistic expression on a broader level. Since then, there has been no style genre to find. It can be described as one school per person. Western art enters an endless world far from the world of common sense.